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ਥਿਤੀ ਵਾਰ ਸੇਵਹਿ ਮੁਗਧ ਗਵਾਰ॥
Thitee vaar sayveh mugaDh gavaar
Only idiots and fools worry about these omens and days.

Baarah Maah (The Twelve Months), in Raag Tukhari and Majh both, describe the state of separation from the Lord, acute longings for re-uniting with Him and the state of happiness and peace that occurs after this union. Not a word has been mentioned about the piety of sangrand (the first day of each month). But there is a major confusion amongst the Sikh sangat that the day of sangrand is a pious and holy, a Hindu practice that has crept into our community in the last several decades, but having no significance in Sikhism. It is under these sentiments that special divans are held in gurdwaras and people throng to hear the month that has commenced. It is their belief that having an auspicious beginning of the month will help them pass the entire month without any trouble. Such beliefs have spread due to ignorance about gurbani and gurmat. Nowhere in our history or in gurbani is it mentioned that these days have some importance in the life of a Sikh.

To celebrate these days in gurdawaras is to do something against the teachings of our Gurus. It is like breaking away from the directions of the Guru and entering into the same dark alleys from where our Gurus had rescued us out.

Guru Amardas on SGGS page 843 said, ਥਿਤੀ ਵਾਰ ਸੇਵਹਿ ਮੁਗਧ ਗਵਾਰ॥, “Thitee vaar sayveh mugaDh gavaar”. (Only idiots and fools worry about these omens and days). Therefore we Sikhs have no concern or relationship with changing Moon phases or transitions of Sun moving from one zodiac to another. Why do we observe it to be a sacred day? If Sikhs are not the worshippers of the Sun and the Moon, how the concept of piety of Sangrand has entered in our life? Thitee vaar (iQqI vwr) means day and date and guru says a Sikh has no concern with these sacred days of the Sun and Moon worshipers like sangrand, Puranima, Amavas, or any other such as teej, chauth, panchmi or ekadasi etc. We Sikh should not give any special preference for any thing on these days. The subject hukam on 843 advise Sikhs to refrain from any kind of festival or event that normally falls on these days. As Rakhri on purnima, Diwali on amavas, karva chauth etc. as rejected by Gurmat, then why celebrate? Let us learn to respect Guru, Gurbani and God. Let us consider the Sangrand or any other such days as a normal day. Gurbani guide us to uproot and throw away all doubts and suspicious related to these days.

Prof Darshan Singh Khalsa has clearly said in his vyakhya (discourse) on the Baarah Maah that sangrand is not a Sikh festival or observance. Prof Gurbachan Singh Thailand (Principal, Sikh Missionary College), has also spoken about this in his gurbani discourse and reiterated that it is purely against gurmat.

Mohan Singh (Homeopath)
Gurmat Learning (North),
Toronto, Ontario, Canada

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